The real reason Google made Android

– So Android, it's beenaround for about 10 years now.

And it all started with the release of the T-Mobile G1 back on September 23rd, 2008.

But here's a question.

Why did Google bother makingAndroid in the first place? (snappy, upbeat music) When you think aboutsmartphone battles today you pretty much think of itas Android versus iPhone, and that's how it is, butback before the iPhone, heck even right after the iPhone came out, the world looked a whole lot different.

Phones were actually relatively small.

They fit in the palm of your hand and most of them didn'thave touch displays.

If you did have a smartphone, chances are you were either in IT, you worked on Wall Street, oryou were a huge nerd, like me! Anyway, here's how thingslooked back in 2007.

Blackberry was kinda the king because it's devices weresimple, they were fast, and they had super-long battery life.

Palm was running out the clock on Palm OS and trying to figure outwhat it was gonna do next.

Nokia was doing some Symbian stuff and basically everybody else was making Windows mobile devices which went from PocketPC to Windows Mobile when Microsoft startedfocusing more on phones, but this was before Windows phone existed.

Anyway, the point is Microsoftwas trying to replicate the Windows PC businessmodel but with phones, so it partnered withSamsung and Motorola and HP and HTC and a bunch ofother smaller manufacturers.

And a lot of these smartphonesfelt like overgrown PDAs with antennas tacked onto them.

But, that was starting to change by the time the iPhone rolled around.

(uptempo, jazzy music) This right here, this isthe Moto Q, the original.

It ran Windows Mobileand it came out in 2006.

Now, I'm not saying that this was the bestsmartphone back then but it was actually in the running, and there's some reallycool things about it.

It's got this backlitQWERTY keyboard here.

It's got this dope jog dial and it was one of the phonesthat made people realize that something nerdy like a smartphone could actually beaccessible to more people.

Anyway, this thing, this kinda gadgety, dorky looking phone right here, or more specifically phonesthat are just like it, they were the thing that made Google think that it needed to do Android.

Okay, so why do we know that? Well, let's start with some, I don't know, circumstantial evidence.

Take a look at this thing.

This is the Sooner.

It was the very firstprototype of an Android phone.

It looks kinda familiar, doesn't it? It looks kinda like the Moto Q eh? Or kinda like this other phone which came out a little bitlater, it's the Treo Pro.

Fun fact, I heard that whenPalm was in really bad places it went to HTC andbasically took something HTC had already been developing and had them turn it into thisWindows Mobile Treo for them.

It's possible that this Windows Mobile Treo device right here is what the Sooner sort of, maybe, eventually turned into, maybe.

Anyway, it was phones like this and the Samsung Blackjack and the Moto Q, that showed that Microsoftwas maybe getting closer to actually kinda knowingwhat it was doing in mobile, and so Google saw these phones and it decided it neededto gun for Microsoft, not Apple at the time, so it bought Andy Rubin's Android company and it got to work.

Maybe you've read this famous story about how Andy Rubin reacted to the launch of the first iPhone.

According to an article in the Atlantic, he was in a car watching the keynote, and when he saw the iPhonehe said, “Holy crap! “I guess we're not gonna ship that phone!” Except he didn't say it like Strong Bad 'cause he's not Strong Bad.

Anyway, when he said we'renot gonna ship that phone, he meant the Sooner, because compared to the iPhoneit looked instantly dated, it looked like theseWindows Mobile phones.

Now according to Diane Hackthron, a Google engineer at the time, she said that the decision to drop Sooner was well before the iPhone announcement, though we continued touse it for quite a while, internally for development, since it was the onlysemi-stable hardware platform that we had.

Whichever version of the story is true, the end result was this, the HTC G1, which was code named Dream, it was the firstcommercially available phone that ran Android and it was unveiled a year andsome change after the iPhone.

Now compared to the Soonerthis is much more advanced.

It has a touchscreen for example.

And compared to Windows Mobile phones it also feels pretty advanced.

It has a landscape keyboardthat you can type on, and this cool Sidekicklookin' flip-up thing, and it's got a scrollball, and you can also put SD card in it.

This is a super gadgety gadget, and using it, looking at it, you can really tell thatthey were more focused on getting business usersand taking on Windows Mobile than they were just tryingto take on the iPhone.

So I admit, this is allcircumstantial evidence.

And you probably want actual evidence.

And you know what makesreally good evidence? Actual evidence.

Google's former CEO said that Android was abouttaking on Windows Mobile.

One of the bigger techtrials of the past decade was Google versus Oracle.

Tech trials are greatbecause you get testimony.

You get executives on the witness stand and they have to answer questions.

And Oracle really needed to talk about the early days ofAndroid to prove it's case.

So here's the transcript ofthe jury trial proceedings of Oracle v.

Google from April 24th, 2012.

Oracle's lawyers arequestioning Eric Schmidt about the origins of Android.

And Eric Schmidt answers, “We were quite concernedabout Microsoft's products.

“It's hard to relate to that now, “but at the time we were very concerned “that Microsoft's mobilestrategy would be successful.

“This was before the iPhone was announced “and before the wholeiPhone revolution occurred.

” So, honestly, there you have it.

The whole structure of how Android works was designed to undercut Windows Mobile.

Samsung and LG and HTC, basically most of the companies that were making phones back then were making Windows Mobile phones, and Google got them tomake Android phones too.

And then make them basically exclusively.

That was the trick.

That's why you have an entire ecosystem of Android phone partners.

Google knew all of these companies would want to make phones, so it knew it had tomake the operating system those phones would run.

Google wanted for phones what Microsoft had on the desktop, scale.

They wanted Android on every phone.

'Cause more Android customersmeant more searches, which means more money for Google because Google makes all it's money off of people using Search, and that's how they paid for Android.

Giving Android away for free actually made Google more money 'cause more people were using, and it undercut Microsoft which was making companiespay a license fee for Windows.

The bottom line is if you've ever wondered why Android works the way it does, why even today there's still weird quirks like menus and back-buttons and whatever, don't look at the iPhone.

You should actually take a look back, way back, at the Moto Q because this is what theywere trying to compete with.

Hey everybody, thanks for watching.

We're probably gonna do someof these more history videos, so let me know what moments in Android's history you're interested in or let me know what you're nostalgic for 'cause God damn I love this little phone.

It's so nerdy, it's got a trackball, it also doesn't have a headphone jack.

So take that, every phone maderight now, I guess, anyway!.


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